I is an experimental language by Marshall Lochbaum, based on the concept of extending the implicit mapping used by array languages to all datatypes including functions. Lochbaum has described the language as "not usable" and stated that he tried to avoid the constraining nature of I's design decisions in his later langauge BQN.
Like K, the langauge uses nested lists rather than arrays in order to simplify the design. Although a related paper defines mapping over associative arrays, references, and sets, as of 2021 the I implementation only supports lists and functions as datatypes. I uses a left-to-right syntax that allows whitespace to indicate precedence in addition to parentheses. Every value can be called as a function, and every function takes two arguments, with the function
. used to call functions of one argument. Primitive functions are written with single ASCII characters, while identifiers are surrounded with single quotes. I has no function definition syntax; instead functions must be defined using tacit programming. As a result there is only a single global scope for variables.
|APL dialects |
|Maintained||APL+Win ∙ APL2 ∙ APL64 ∙ APL\iv ∙ Aplette ∙ April ∙ Co-dfns ∙ Dyalog APL ∙ dzaima/APL ∙ Extended Dyalog APL ∙ GNU APL ∙ KAP ∙ NARS2000 ∙ Pometo|
|Historical||A Programming Language ∙ A+ (A) ∙ APL# ∙ APL\360 ∙ APL/700 ∙ APL\1130 ∙ APL\3000 ∙ APL.68000 ∙ APL*PLUS ∙ APL.jl ∙ APL.SV ∙ APLX ∙ Iverson notation ∙ IVSYS/7090 ∙ NARS ∙ ngn/apl ∙ openAPL ∙ Operators and Functions ∙ PAT ∙ Rowan ∙ SAX ∙ SHARP APL ∙ Rationalized APL ∙ VisualAPL (APLNext) ∙ VS APL ∙ York APL|
|Derivatives||AHPL ∙ BQN ∙ CoSy ∙ ELI ∙ Glee ∙ I ∙ Ivy ∙ J ∙ Jelly ∙ Jellyfish ∙ K (Q, KDB+) ∙ Lang5 ∙ Nial ∙ RAD|
|Overviews||Timeline of array languages ∙ Timeline of influential array languages ∙ Family tree of array languages|