Fast Fourier transform: Difference between revisions

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Revision as of 15:23, 20 November 2019

The fast Fourier transform (FFT) is an algorithm to compute the discrete Fourier transform of a vector in time , where a naive implementation achieves only time.

See fast Fourier transform and Discrete Fourier transform on Wikipedia.

A Fourier Transform (FFT) is a method of calculating the frequency components in a data set - and the inverse FFT converts back from the frequency domain - 4 applications of the FFT rotates you round the complex plane and leaves you back with the original data.

In this page the FFT is implemented with the Cooley–Tukey algorithm by dividing the transform into two pieces of size N÷2 at each step.

APLX FFT Code

Note that APLX is no longer under development.

This is as given in Robert J. Korsan's article in APL Congress 1973, p 259-268, with just line labels and a few comments added.

  • X and Z are two-row matrices representing the input and output real and imaginary data. The data length must be 2*N (N integer), and the algorithm will cope with varying N, unlike many DSP versions which are for fixed N.
  • Zero frequency is at Z[1;], maximum frequency in the middle; from there to ¯1[1] Z are negative frequencies. i.e. for an input Gaussian they transform a 'bath-tub' to a 'bath-tub'.
  • This is an elegant algorithm, and works by transforming the input data into an array of 2×2 FFT Butterflies.
    Zfft X;N;R;M;L;P;Q;S;T;O

⍝ Apl Congress 1973, p 267. Robert J. Korsan.

⍝ Restructure as an array of primitive 2×2 FFT Butterflies
X(2,R(M2N¯1↑⍴X)2)⍴⍉X
⍝ Build sin and cosine table :
ZR⍴⍉2 1∘.○○(-(O?1)-⍳P)÷PN÷2

QPM-1+L0
TM-~O
loop:(MLL+1)done
X(+X),[O+¯0.5+SM-L](-/Z×-X),[O+P-0.5]+/Z×⌽-X
Z(((-L)Q),T)R((1+P(S-1)1),2)Z
loop
done:Z(N,2)(+X),[O-0.5]-X